|Pierre Auguste Renoir, who is named as one of the founding fathers of Impressionism besides Claude Monet and Camille Pissarro, was one of the leading French artists of the 19th century.
Born on February 25, 1841 in Limoges.
Died on December 03, 1919 in Cagnes-sur-Mer.
In the years 1862 - 1864, after completing an apprenticeship as a porcelain painter, Pierre Auguste Renoir studied at the École des Beaux Arts. He was known for his impressionistic early work dominated by warm, tenderly bright colors and influenced by Gustave Courbet's paintings that were created applying a bald stucco lustro technique. The artist, who mainly painted portraits and compositions, identified himself with outdoor painting just like his fellow artist friends Claude Monet, Camille Pissarro and Alfred Sisley. In this context, Renoir created, together with Claude Monet, an extensive series of paintings bursting with shimmering light and cheerful colors. The works were created in the very popular trendy pub and garden café "Grenouillière", where they portrayed the present members of society. When the Impressionism reached its peak, Pierre Auguste Renoir began to search for a new style. Influenced by the impressions of a trip to Italy and inspired by Ingres, Renoir returned to a more classical, more graphic style of painting for some years. In his late work, which from 1900 onwards showed strong color again, he increasingly painted large nudes and female portraits. In contrast to the early impressionist paintings, however, they showed a new style combining color with graphic elements.